2019年高考英语真题及参考答案(北京卷)(5)

来源:网络采摘    作者:果子整理    人气:    发布时间:2019-06-10    

  [解析] 本题考查文章细节;根据文章第二段第五句“So she desired to get round the warning, ‘Why can’t I make a healthy candy that’s good for my teeth so that my parents can’t say no to it?’”可知,Moore想她为什么不能生产出一种对牙齿好的糖果,这样父母就不会禁止她吃糖,因此她是想找出一种新的解决方案;故正确答案是B。

  35。 What is special about CanCandy?

  A。 It is beneficial to dental health。

  B。 It is free of sweeteners。

  C。 It is sweeter than other candies。

  D。 It is produced to a dentists’ recipe。

  35。

  [答案] A

  [解析] 本题考查文章细节;根据文章第三段第三句“Consequently, she succeeded in making a kind of candy only using natural sweeteners, which can reduce oral bacteria。”可知,她成功地生产了一种只用天然甜味剂的糖果,这种糖果可以减少口腔细菌;故正确答案是A。

  36。 What does Moore expect from her business?

  A。 To earn more money。

  B。 To help others find smiles。

  C。 To make herself stand out。

  D。 To beat other candy companies。

  36。

  [答案] B

  [解析] 本题考查文章细节;根据文章第六段第三句“Moore wants to use her unique talent to help others find their smiles。”可知,Moore 想用自己独特的才能去帮助别人找到微笑;故正确答案是B。

  37。 What can we learn from Alice Moore’s story?

  A。 Fame is a great thirst of the young。

  B。 A youth is to be regarded with respect。

  C。 Positive thinking and action result in success。

  D。 Success means getting personal desires satisfied。

  37。

  [答案] C

  [解析] 本题考查文章主旨;文章中一开始Moore的爸爸不让她吃糖,她想到的就是积极地解决这个问题,创立公司,生产对牙齿有益的糖。之后,她积极行动并进行相关的咨询和学习,最终成功。C选项“积极的思考和行动会带来成功。”体现了文章主旨;A选项“名声是这个年轻人渴望的。”;B选项“年轻人应该受到尊重。”D选项“成功意味着满足个人欲望。”均与文章主旨无关,故正确答案是C。

  C

  The problem of robocalls has gotten so bad that many people now refuse to pick up calls from numbers they don’t know。 By next year, half of the calls we receive will be scams (欺诈)。 We are finally waking up to the severity of the problem by supporting and developing a group of tools, apps and approaches intended to prevent scammers from getting through。 Unfortunately, it’s too little, too late。 By the time these “solutions” (解决方案) become widely available, scammers will have moved onto cleverer means。 In the near future, it’s not just going to be the number you see on your screen that will be in doubt。 Soon you will also question whether the voice you’re hearing is actually real。

  That’s because there are a number of powerful voice manipulation (处理) and automation technologies that are about to become widely available for anyone to use。 At this year’s I/O Conference, a company showed a new voice technology able to produce such a convincing human-sounding voice that it was able to speak to a receptionist and book a reservation without detection。

  These developments are likely to make our current problems with robocalls much worse。 The reason that robocalls are a headache has less to do with amount than precision。 A decade of data breaches (数据侵入) of personal information has led to a situation where scammers can easily learn your mother’s name, and far more。 Armed with this knowledge, they’re able to carry out individually targeted campaigns to cheat people。 This means, for example, that a scammer could call you from what looks to be a familiar number and talk to you using a voice that sounds exactly like your bank teller’s, tricking you into “confirming” your address, mother’s name, and card number。 Scammers follow money, so companies will be the worst hit。 A lot of business is still done over the phone, and much of it is based on trust and existing relationships。 Voice manipulation technologies may weaken that gradually。

  We need to deal with the insecure nature of our telecom networks。 Phone carriers and consumers need to work together to find ways of determining and communicating what is real。 That might mean either developing a uniform way to mark videos and images, showing when and who they were made by, or abandoning phone calls altogether and moving towards data-based communications — using apps like FaceTime or WhatsApp, which can be tied to your identity。

  Credibility is hard to earn but easy to lose, and the problem is only going to get harder from here on out。

  38。 How does the author feel about the solutions to the problem of robocalls?

  A。 Panicked。

  B。 Confused。

  C。 Embarrassed。

  D。 Disappointed。

  38。

  [答案] D

  [解析] 本题考查细节题;文章第一段中“Unfortunately, it’s too little, too late。 By the time these “solutions” become widely available, scammers will have moved onto cleverer means。”作者表明了自己的态度,“很不幸,这些措施太少,也太晚。这些“解决方案”能够广泛应用时,欺诈者将已进入到更聪明的方式。”作者通过指出这些“解决方案”不能有效应对,表明对这些解决方案的失望。故正确答案是D。

  39。 Taking advantage of the new technologies, scammers can______。

  A。 aim at victims precisely

  B。 damage databases easily

  C。 start campaigns rapidly

  D。 spread information widely

  39。

  [答案] A

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