2019年高考英语真题及参考答案(北京卷)(8)

来源:网络采摘    作者:果子整理    人气:    发布时间:2019-06-10    

  [解析] 挖空方式:段首空;解题语句:空后一句;考查方式:引出下文。段首句一般为文段的概括,引出下文。选项E“近来一些研究检测了天才在体育界的作用”,其中的名词“studies”对应空后一句的代词“they”;故正确答案是E。

  48。

  [答案] G

  [解析] 挖空方式:段中空;解题语句:空前空后一句;考查方式:承接上文,引出下文。空前一句表明,“为了解释这一现象,研究人员探索队员的协调程度对团队表现的影响”中的“coordinate their actions”与选项G“task interdependence”文意对应, 同时空后举例论证选项G的观点;故正确答案是G。

  49。

  [答案] D

  [解析] 挖空方式:段尾空;解题语句:空前一句;考查方式:承接上文。空前一句表明“年幼的儿童在学习团体运动时经常被告知,在团队中没有‘我’”,这句引语对应选项D的“principle”;故正确答案是D。

  50。

  [答案] F

  [解析] 挖空方式:段首空;解题语句:空后一句;考查方式:引起下文。段首句一般为文段的概括,引出下文。选项中表明“建立一个梦之队比仅仅是招聘最好的人才更繁琐”,空后一句表明“一个优秀团队要求平衡——不仅有优秀运动员也需要一些资质平平的运动员”,选项与后文的文意匹配;故正确答案是F。

  第三部分:书面表达(共两节,35分)

  第一节 (15分)

  假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你的英国好友Jim打算暑假期间来北京、天津和上海旅游,发来邮件询问相关信息。请你给他回复邮件,内容包括:

  1。交通出行;

  2。必备衣物。

  注意:1。 词数不少于50;

  2。 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

  Dear Jim,

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  (请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

  本篇作文是建议信,要求学生在文章中体现交际感,重视对来信内容的回答。首段表达欢迎,第二段介绍城市的交通出行和必备衣物等要点,结尾表达期待。除了基本的内容要点之外,还需要开放性的构思,考生可以结合自己的实际生活经验进行要点的延伸。建议考生平时加强构思训练,掌握应用文写作的层次,以合理的逻辑和结构完成写作,才能达到写作目的,完成“应用文解决实际问题”的写作任务。语言方面,建议选择实用的词汇,慎用难词,做到准确简洁。

  [范文]

  Dear Jim,

  How is everything going? I’m very pleased and excited to learn your travel plan to Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai。 Welcome! It’s my great honor to offer you some travel tips, which, I hope, can solve your problems。

  Transportation matters so much while traveling。 Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai all have the excellent subway systems which can take you everywhere in the city。 If you want a deep experience in the city, shared bikes would be the best choice。 As for city-to-city tour, the high-speed rail is highly recommended because it has been the most convenient way in recent years。 As for clothes preparation, sun-protective coats and hats would be necessary, considering you will come to China during the summer。 Also, pack a pair of comfortable shoes in case of the city walk。

  I hope these suggestions above will be of some help to you。 Perhaps we can meet in Beijing? Looking forward to hearing from you。

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  第二节 (20分)

  假设你是红星中学高三学生李华。你们班上周组织了一次以“劳动最光荣”为主题的社会实践活动。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记述整个过程。

  注意:词数不少于60。

  提示词:西瓜 watermelon

  (请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

  今年主要以“劳动最光荣”为主题,贴合实际生活,四幅图的要点分别是“老师在黑板上写下活动主题‘劳动最光荣’”,“打包行李出发去乡下”,“在乡下摘西瓜”,“和家长吃饭,回忆一天的劳动历程”;考生切忌在文章开篇犯低级语法错误,在保证要点齐全的前提下, 适当添加细节,并且要注意句式的多样性及用词的准确性和丰富性,适当增加长难句的使用,如对非谓语动词、三大从句及特殊句式进行灵活运用,同时注意逻辑的流畅性。

  [范文]

  Last week, our school organized an activity themed “Glory of Labor”, which proved to be meaningful and indelible。

  When we held the class meeting, our teacher informed us of the news that an activity themed “Glory of Labor” would be held。 On hearing that, we were extremely excited。 We regarded it as a wonderful opportunity to experience the real life and couldn’t resist the desire to be involved in it。

  Having signed up for the activity, I returned home to prepare the luggage。 Hardly had I entered my bedroom when I took out my suitcase。 I packed my necessities into it which included some clothes, towels and the water glass。 I couldn’t wait to experience the activity。

  Then came the big moment。 Together with my classmates, I came to the watermelon patch。 The moment we reached the destination, we were divided into several groups and got down to work。 Some students were responsible for picking the watermelons; some students put the watermelons into the baskets while others carried the baskets filled with watermelons to the specified place。 Tired as we were, we were in high spirits。

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